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Exchange social control theory

This allows for the generalization of behavioral responses to new situations.
"The impact of human resources policies and practices on organizational citizenship behaviors".
Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. .31 Power within the theory is governed by two variables : the structure of power in exchange networks and strategic use.Homanss (1961, 1974) uses this set of theoretical ideas to explain phenomena such as the exercise of power and authority, cooperation, conformity and competition, structures of sentiment and interaction, status and influence, satisfaction and productivity, leadership, distributive justice, and the emergence of stratification.Affect theory highlights the contributions escort vivastreet epinal of emotions in producing group properties.Dependence is a function of the value one actor places on the resources (or valued behavior) mediated by the other actor and the availability of those resources from alternative sources.Generalized exchanges do not occur directly, but interdependence is still high and coordination between partners is difficult.
It demonstrates that while cooperation would give the best outcome, people might nevertheless act selfishly.
Evaluating the Alternatives, another aspect of the social exchange process involves looking at the possible alternatives.
14 Both parties in a social exchange take responsibility for one another and depend on each other.He addressed these social phenomena primarily in terms of the nature of the interpersonal relations involved.A key concept in Emersons exchange theory of power is the idea that exchange relations can be balanced or imbalanced.Mitchell discuss how one of the major issues within the social exchange theory is the lack of information within studies on the various exchange rules.The use of operant psychology as the behavioral basis of exchange theory created much of the early controversy surrounding the utility of this perspective for sociologists.Settoon, Randall.; Bennett, Nathan; Liden, Robert.Finally, informational support is the delivering of information that is helpful to an individual.

26 In other words, when using this evaluation tool, an individual will consider other alternative payoffs or rewards outside of the current relationship or exchange.
28 When people engage in these behavioral sequences, they are dependent to some extent on their relational partner.